Map of Newberry National Volcanic Monument
Newberry Caldera and its associated lava flows are protected by the 50,000 acre Newberry National Volcanic Monument
, created quite recently (1990) and managed by the US Forest Service rather than the National Park Service. The monument is almost entirely surrounded by the Deschutes National Forest, and contains generally forested land, ranging in elevation from 3,800 feet at the Deschutes River to 7,985 feet at the summit of Paulina Peak
, the highest point along the caldera rim. All is covered by snow for about half the year yet some sites are still accessible, and the place is very popular in summer, especially the area around the two lakes, even if the majority of visitors are here for camping, boating and fishing, rather than hiking or geology. Beside the lakes are half a dozen campgrounds, a resort and a lodge, plus 55 miles of trails. The other easily reached section of the national monument is along US 97 near Bend; here are found the longest lava tube in Oregon (Lava River Cave
), open to self-guided exploration, and Lava Butte
, a symmetric cinder cone surrounded by fresh lava fields. This location also has a campsite, and the Lava Lands Visitor Center
, the main information facility in the monument.