Yellowdot saxifrage, spotted saxifrage, prickly saxifrage
From the Pacific Northwest to New Mexico
Between 2 and 6 inches
Dry, open, rocky locations; montane to alpine; up to 14,500 feet
Linear to lanceolate, up to 0.6 inches long, with coarse edge hairs and a spine at the tip
The evergreen, leathery, hairy-edged leaves of saxifraga bronchialis form neat, compact, basal rosettes, growing close together to create large colonies. The reddish green stems have a few well-spaced leaves, attain heights of around 6 inches and bear flat-topped clusters (2 to 10 heads) of dainty white flowers. Stems are covered by short glandular hairs.
Flowers are composed of (usually) five pointed, green, ovate to triangular sepals and the same number of petals, which are flecked by quite large dots, typically colored green-yellow at the base, becoming orange, red and purple towards the tip. White stamens radiate outwards between the petals, and the flower is centered on an upwards-projecting ovary.
There are two subspecies of saxifraga bronchialis, sometimes considered as separate species. Ssp austromontana, by far the most widespread, has petals which are not clawed (narrow at the base), and do have the yellow to purple dot pattern, while the petals of ssp funstonii, found in Canada and Alaska, are clawed, and all the dots are yellow.