All the Western states; less common in the Great Plains and the north
Between 3 and 10 feet
Gravelly or sandy locations in scrubland and pinyon-juniper woodland; also sand dunes and saline flats
Alternate, stalkless, oblanceolate or obovate to linear, up to 1.5 inches long
March to September
Like most species of this genus, flowers of atriplex canescens are small, and relatively short-lasting; more noticeable are the greenish-yellow fruits, which develop from bracteoles (leaf-like structures subtending the flowers). The fruits form large clusters, and persist for several months, eventually withering to brown. The fruits are up to one inch long and wide, and have four wings extending from base to tip. Wing margins may be lined with tiny teeth.
Plants are woody shrubs, up to ten feet high and similar in width, and are generally not spiny. Branches bear small, dark green, leaves at closely-spaced intervals, and are usually dioecious, producing either pistillate or staminate flowers; these form in narrow clusters up to 5 inches long, at the tip of the branches.
There are four varieties, distinguished by the fruits. The widespread var canescens has entire wing margins, and fruits less than half an inch wide, while the rare var gigantea has entire wing margins and fruits over half an inch wide. The other two varieties are var macilenta and var laciniata, both with toothed or divided wing margins; the latter is a generally taller plant, with larger fruits.